Chronic Kidney Disease
The kidneys help maintain the body’s internal environment by secreting electrolytes and hormones that regulate red blood cell formation, bone metabolism, and blood pressure.
Nephrologists assess serum creatinine to understand how well kidneys are filtering wastes from the blood (glomerular filtration rate, or GFR). Unfortunately, it is difficult to measure GFR, so serum creatinine may be used instead. Serum creatinine can be used in a few mathematical equations to calculate GFR.
When one of the following is present for more than three moths: a) abnormalities of kidney as evidenced by blood tests, urine samples and ultrasound scan (a diagnostic test where the doctor has an ultrasound taken of the inside of the body) test; b) serum creatinine concentration is less than 60 millimoles per minute per square meter.
CKD is largely caused by the kidneys, which gradually lose function as a result of their continual deterioration. Renal cell dysfunction may occur due to diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic glomerulonephritis (diseases affecting the capillary tuft filters), chronic interstitial nephritis resulting from kidney infection, kidney stones, long-standing painkiller use, chronic blockage of the urinary tract, etc.
Approximately 90% of patients with CKD may not experience any signs or symptoms until the condition of their kidneys is very closely impaired and the disease is found when they have blood or urine or scans done for other reasons that are abnormal. It is possible that CKD patients will also refuse to acknowledge the diagnosis on the grounds that they resolved to passed large amounts of (or even more) urine.
In CKD, your doctor will analyze your serum creatinine to discover the diagnosis of CKD. Blood and urine tests and ultrasound scans are other exams used in conjunction with blood creatinine level to find and treat the cause. Kidney biopsy may also be performed, but it’s advised based on your ultrasound result, which your doctor uses to determine its feasibility.
A lot of CKD is attributable to reversible the root causes of reduced kidney function that could be addressed with medicine, urinary blockage, blood pressure, or low blood volume. The first step in diagnosing and treating CKD is determining the cause. Then, your doctor will try to improve the kidney’s functionality by treating the reversible hazards that may have helped create CKD in the first place (using drugs which impair kidney function, blockage in urinary passages, high blood pressure, or low blood volume).
Your physician will advise you to alter your eating habits in order to help remain healthy and prevent fluid retention and electrolyte and acid disturbances. Based on the output and electrolyte abnormalities of your urine, your doctor will prescribe a diet that includes the right amount of fluid, salt and nutrients.
The risks associated with cyanotic congenital heart blocks include heart failure, anemia, and bone disease. These adverse health consequences are due to insufficient production of the hormones mentioned previously. A patient whose health has not been properly taken care of can be supplemented with medication and appropriate treatment can be provided to help her or him.